Fall & Winter Garden & Landscape Tips


  • Hand rake lawns to remove leaves and encourage air movement in roots.
  • Top dress with uneven spots with top soil and/or peat moss. Reseed bare spots.
  • Aerate lawn with a minimum of 2” plugs (not too dry). Leave plugs on top of lawn.
  • Apply Fertilome Winterizer 1 lb. of high nitrogen fertilizer per 1,000 sq ft. of turf. Water in well.

Planting Beds

  • Remove leaves and debris from beds pulling any weeds.
  • Remove any dead plant material.
  • Top dress beds with 2-3” compost. Lightly hand rake in – do not tear at perennial roots.  Apply mulch.


  • After the first hard frost, cut back blooming perennials 3-4” above the ground. Leave some stubble for wildlife and this will also help to locate them next spring.
  • Use Fertilome Weed Free Zone herbicide to kill weeds. Weed Free Zone is still effective down to 45 degrees.

Shrubs & Trees

  • Apply tree wrap (especially for new thin barked trees like Honey locust, Green Ash, Redbud, Fruit trees, & soft Maples)
  • Prune trees during the winter when they are bare so you can see branch structure. Maples and Birch should be pruned in fall after leaf drop.
  • Cut back summer blooming shrubs such as Russian Sage, Butterfly Bush and Blue Mist Spirea to 3-6” above soil level either now or in the springtime.
  • Do not trim spring blooming shrubs like forsythia, lilac, etc. Because their flower buds have already formed. You may trim dead branches on these however.
  • Prune to shape Smokebush, Rose of Sharon, Hydrangea, Potentilla, Ninebark, etc. sometime before spring leaves emerge.
  • Apply rose collars to rose bushes and fill with compost to help protect the graft from winter injury.


  • Use insulation blankets over the top of tender annuals to extend flowering into our beautiful Indian Summer.
  • After a hard frost, remove dead plant material to prepare pots for decorating your porch with Fresh Holiday Greens. Ask The Green Team for details.
  • Plant frost hardy pansies.


  • Cover ground beds with insulation tunnels to extend the harvest season.
  • Sow cool season seeds outdoors in your prepared garden bed for lettuce, spinach, carrots, radishes, beets and peas
  • Consider constructing a cold frame for serious season extension.

General Maintenance

  • Clean patio and garden furniture for storage
  • Clean bird baths and bird feeders for winter season.